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Maenan (Abbey)

also known as: Aberconwy 2; Conwy 2;

Order: Cistercian

The community originally settled at Rehednog-fel (Rhedynog Felen), Conwy, but moved and was then forced to relocate by Edward I, who wished to build a castle and walled town in the area. The monks duly resettled at Maenan where they remained until the Dissolution. Edward I considered this a refoundation and regarded himself as the abbey's royal patron.show details of standing remains

Dedicated to: Virgin Mary Medieval Diocese: St Asaph
Affiliated to: Strata Florida (mother-house)
Lordship at foundation: Gwynedd
Access: Public hotel
Owned by: Hotel occupies site

Main events in the history of this site

1283-1284Relocation - The community relocated to Maenan for Edward I wished to build a castle at Aberconwy and a walled town. [2 sources]
1284Royal visit - In October 1284 Edward I and his queen visited the newly-buit monastery. [1 source]
1284Reparations - Edward I awarded the abbey £100 to compensate the community for damages incurred as a result of his campaigns. [1 source]
1291Wealth - According to the Taxatio Ecclesiastica the monastery's total annual income at this time was £76 15s 8d. [4 sources]
1344Debt - The abbey was in debt to the Italian merchants of Florence to the sum of £200. [1 source]
1346Debt - The monastery owed a significant sum of money to the Black Prince. [1 source]
1379Poll tax - The abbot was to pay 19s, the prior and each of the four monks 20d. [1 source][1 archive]
c.1401Destruction - The monastery suffered damages during the rebellion. [2 sources]
1482Payments to former abbot's kin - The Cistercian General Chapter investigated two annual payments that were being made by the monastery. [1 source]
1484Tussle for the abbacy - David Winchcombe’s right to the abbacy was challenged by David Lloyd who was supported by the king, Richard II. [1 source]
c.1535Income - In the survey of c. 1535 (Valor Ecclesiasticus) the net income of the abbey was recorded as £162. [2 sources][1 archive]
1537Dissolution - The abbey was one of the first casualties of the Suppression and was closed in March 1537. [1 source]
+ 10 minor events. Show minor events

People associated with this site

Abbots of Conwy

Dafydd ab Owain , Cistercian abbot and bishop of St Asaph (abbot)

Edward I , king of England , lord of Ireland, duke of Aquitaine (gives site to Aberconwy)

Lewis Môn (resident bard)

Owen Glendower; Owain Glyn Dŵr; Owain ap Gruffudd Fychan , declared prince of Wales (Caused destruction)

Tudur Aled , Welsh poet

Bibliographical sources

26 Printed sources

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6 On-line sources

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Archival sources

The National Archives, 'Exchequer, King's Remembrancer, Clerical Subsidies - Conwy, 1379', (Document), (View website)

The National Archives, 'Royal grant to Aberconwy; common seal of abbot attached.', (Document), (View website)

The National Archives, 'Special Collections: Ministers' and Receivers' Accounts: Monastic Possessions Possessions of the d', (Document), (View website)

Britih Library, 'The Register and Chronicle of the abbey of Aberconwy', (Document), (View website)

Related articles on Monastic Wales

The Cistercians in Wales, Professor Janet Burton
Who were the Cistercians?, Professor Janet Burton

Images of this site

Poll tax return for Conwy, 1379

Conwy, OS Grid:SH7897365683
View site details on COFLEIN (RCAHMW database)[new window]


 
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