Monastic Wales.

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Richard de Granville (Grainville), baron

Richard was constable to Earl Robert of Gloucester and conquistador of the lordship of Glamorgan.

While Earl Robert consolidated the western boundary of his authority on the banks of the Neath, Richard penetrated further beyond the river and constructed a wooden castle to secure his lordship.
In 1129 Richard granted his Neath holdings and other lands to the Norman abbey of Savigny, to found a monastery; this led to the foundation of Neath Abbey in 1130.

Grenville reputedly brought back with him from the Holy Land a native of Palestine, Lalys, who was adept in architecture and erected various monastic and secular buildings in Wales including the abbeys of Neath and Margam.

Sites associated with this person

Neath Abbey, Neath Port Talbot (founder)

Bibliographical sources

Printed sources

Dictionary of Architecture, Architectural Publication Society, 8 vols (Architectural Publication Society: London, 1849-1892) vol. 5, p. 10

English Mediaeval Architects: a Biographical Dictionary down to 1550 including Master Masons, Carpenters, Carvers, Building Contractors and others Responsible for Design, ed. John Harvey with contributions by Arthur Oswald (London, 1954; rev. 1987) p. 170

Nicholl, L. D., The Normans in Glamorgan, Gower and Kidweli (Cardiff, 1936) pp. 14-17

Robinson, David M., The Cistercians in Wales: Architecture and Archaeology 1130-1540, Society of Antiquaries of London, Research Committee Report (London, 2006) p. 261

Round, J. Horace, Family Origins and Other Studies, ed. William Page (London, 1930) pp. 137-138, fn. 23

Web links (open in new window)

Image of the foundation charter of Neath Abbey, 1130 (View website)

Image of the foundation charter of Neath Abbey (reverse) (View website)