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Richard III , king of England and lord of Ireland

Born: 2 October 1452   Died: 22 August 1485   

An usurper to the throne of England (1483), Richard's death at the Battle of Bosworth Field brought an end to Yorkist rule in England.

Richard is one of the most reviled of the kings of England, portrayed as a greedy and ambitious man who may have killed his two nephews to acquire the throne. His reputation was greatly tarnished by the Tudors, to promote the accession of Henry (VII) Tudor. Historians are generally now less damning in their interpretation of the man and his rule, and look to Richard's early career when he commanded great loyalty from his men in the north of England and was clearly successful there.

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Horrox, Rosemary, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online - Richard III (View website) (Subscription reqd.)